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References - FC6QRB

TESS observations of sdBV stars: extraordinarily short-period gravity modes in CD-28° 1974

By: M. D. Reed; K. A. Shoaf; P. Németh; J. Vos; M. Uzundag; A. S. Baran; S. K. Sahoo; C. S, Jeffery; J. H. Telting; R. H. Østensen
In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
(Astroserver project reference: FC6QRB)
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Digitized Sky Survey image of the CD-28° 1974 field, 1’ on a side. The Gaia DR2 positions are marked with squares. Toggle overlay
From TESS Sector 5 observations we have discovered CD-28° 1974 to be a gravity(g)-mode-dominated hybrid pulsating subdwarf B (sdBV) star which has an unusual g-mode asymptotic sequence. We securely detect 13 periods, mostly between 1500 and 3500 s, which form an l = 1 asymptotic sequence near the typical period spacing. The peculiarity is that typical l = 1 g-modes occur between 3300 and 10000 s, while these are between 1500 and 3300 s. This indicates that CD-28° 1974’s structure is somewhat different from typical sdBV stars.

CD-28° 1974 has a close companion 1.113” away. The very similar Gaia DR2 proper motions suggest that star may be a physical companion. However, the proximity of that star introduces challenges for the analysis of the sdB star. The light of CD-28° 1974 is blended with the companion in the 21" wide pixels of TESS. Atmospheric turbulence scatters light of the companion into the slit during ground based spectroscopy, which leads to a variable contamination of the sdB spectrum depending on observing conditions. We analyzed VLT/UVES high-resolution optical spectra and Gaia data to determine whether or not this is a physical pair and what that might mean for the sdB star’s evolution.

Analysis of the VLT/UVES spectra

Least contaminated (top) and most contaminated (bottom) UVES spectra of CD-28° 1974 near H-alpha.
Least contaminated (top) and most contaminated (bottom) UVES spectra of CD-28° 1974 near the Balmer-jump.

Science contact

  • Dr Mike D. Reed
  • Department of Physics, Astronomy and Materials Science, Missouri State University
  • 901 S. National, Springfield, MO 65897, USA
  • Phone:
  • Email: MikeReedno bots@missouristate.edu

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